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Articles found: 234 of 278
Prof. Kevin Aquilina

Fighting Corruption in Malta and at European Union Levels

1 April 2013 // english

Undoubtedly, the fight against corruption is no easy job, mainly because of the very secretive nature of such an offence that, at times, makes it next to impossible to detect, especially when hardly anyone files a report with the law enforcement authorities. Hence, new methods need to be identified and devised to fight corruption at a national level and in the European Union whilst at the same time safeguarding human rights, especially the right to a fair and public trial as well as the right to privacy. This is indeed an arduous task for all the public authorities involved in... Read more

Laraine Laudati

Data Protection at OLAF

1 March 2013 // english

The European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) is charged with protecting the EU’s financial interests by investigating fraud, corruption, and other illegal activities. OLAF’s daily work involves the processing of large amounts of sensitive1 personal data. As a service of the European Commission, OLAF is subject to Regulation (EC) 45/2001 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by Community institutions and bodies (data protection regulation) and is thus under the supervisory powers of the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS). OLAF conducts administrative investigations in full independence, both internally – concerning the EU institutions and bodies –... Read more

Dr. Els De Busser

The Data Protection Gap

From Private Databases to Criminal Files

1 March 2013 // english

Debates on the reform of the EU’s data protection legal framework are currently being held in the Council of the EU and the European Parliament.1 One particular issue has, however, not (yet) been included in these debates: the processing of personal data by law enforcement authorities for the purpose of criminal investigations after these data were originally collected by private companies for the purpose of their commercial activities. This topic has, however, been discussed at several other negotiation tables. On the EU level, the Cybersecurity Strategy2 released in February 2013 and the continuing debate on the use of passenger name... Read more

Dr. Tatiana Tropina

The Evolving Structure of Online Criminality

How Cybercrime Is Getting Organised

1 December 2012 // english

Increasing dependency of the society on the information technologies raises concerns over vulnerabilities in cyberspace and the “dark side” of the information networks. The growth of digital operations in legitimate markets is one of the vital factors for the economic development. However, as markets and trading themselves have always attracted criminals seeking benefits from illegal activities, digital networks become a key enabler for the growth of cybercrime, both with regard to committing traditional crimes in the Internet and to developing new types of computer misuse. Cybercrime has been evolving in line with how society uses digital networks, reacting to every... Read more

Maria Christina Bruno

Anti-Money Laundering: New Obligations Imposed by the 2012 Guardia di Finanza Circular in Italy

1 December 2012 // english

The initial source of the money laundering legislation that is still in full development is Directive 1991/308/EU (also known as the “first directive”) on prevention of the financial system from laundering the proceeds of criminal activities. Directive 2001/97/EU (the “second directive”) on the subject of prevention of employment of the financial system for laundering the proceeds of illicit activities demands a higher standard of obligations on the part of the Member States and extends the scope of the subjects upon whom such obligations are imposed. Italian Legislative Order 231/2007 brings into effect the Directive 2005/60/EU (the “third directive”). It introduces... Read more