Council Position on Central Pieces of AML Package
On 7 December 2022, the Council adopted its position on the Anti-Money Laundering Regulation and the new (sixth) Anti-Money Laundering Directive. Once adopted, the acts will form the “AML rulebook”, together with a Regulation on information accompanying transfers of funds and certain crypto-assets. They were proposed by the Commission in July 2021 (→ eucrim 3/2021, 153 et seq.). The Council agreed on the following major issues:
- Extending the scope of the AML/CFT Regulation to the entire crypto sector. This means that crypto-asset service providers (CASPs) will be obliged to carry out due diligence measures on their customers if they perform transactions amounting to €1000 or more;
- Extending the scope of the AML/CFT Regulation to third-party financing intermediaries, persons trading in precious metals, precious stones and cultural goods;
- Applying the FATF’s lists on high-risk third countries with strategic deficiencies in their AML/CFT regime without the Commission having to redo the identification process;
- Harmonising and making more transparent beneficial ownership rules, including clarifications regarding multi-layered ownership and control structures;
- Enabling journalists and civil society organisations that are connected with the prevention and combating of money laundering and terrorist financing to have access to information in beneficial ownership registers.
Furthermore, the Council reached agreement on rules on the powers of supervisors, a minimum set of information to which all financial intelligence units should have access, and improved cooperation among authorities.
Once the European Parliament (EP) adopted its position, trilogue negotiations on the AML/CFT Regulation and the AML/CFT Directive can start. The EP is expected to adopt its position in spring 2023.